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Old 12-13-2009, 11:28 AM   #1
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Crébillon, Claude Prosper Jolyot: Der Schaumlöffel german V1, 13.12.2009

Prosper Jolyot Crébillon (eigentlich Prosper Jolyot, sieur de Crais-Billon; * 13. Januar 1674 in Dijon; † 17. Juni 1762 in Paris) war ein französischer Autor. Er galt um 1710 als der größte Dramatiker seiner Generation. Er war Sohn von Melchior Jolyot, einem höheren Justizangestellten in Dijon, dem das kleine Landgut Crais-Billon nahe der Stadt gehörte, dessen Namen er nach amtsadeliger Manier an den eigentlichen Familiennamen angehängt hatte.

Crébillon (wie er sich erst später nannte) begann seine Schulbildung auf dem Jesuitenkolleg von Dijon und beendete sie auf dem Collège Mazarin in Paris. Hiernach absolvierte er ein Jurastudium ebenfalls in Paris und erhielt die Zulassung als Anwalt. Er zog es aber vor, als Sekretär eines Staatsanwaltes zu arbeiten, und genoss als junger Mann das Leben im Umkreis der „Basoche“, des Vereinswesens der Angestellten der hohen Pariser Gerichte.
Sein Sohn Claude Prosper (1707–1777) wird von Literarhistorikern als relativ bedeutsam für die Entwicklung der Gattung Roman im 18. Jahrhundert betrachtet.
Born in Paris, he was the son of a famous tragedian, Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon. He received a Jesuit education at the elite school Louis-le-grand. Early on he composed various light works, including plays for the Italian Theatre in Paris, and published a short tale called Le Sylphe in 1730. From 1729 to 1739 he participated in a series of dinners called "Le Caveau" (named after the cabaret where they were held) with other artists, including Alexis Piron, Charles Collé, and Charles Duclos.

The publication of Tanzaï et Neadarne, histoire japonaise (1734), which contained veiled attacks on the Papal bull Unigenitus, the cardinal de Rohan and others, landed him briefly in the prison at Vincennes. His novel Les Égarements du cœur et de l'esprit was published in 1735 and was, although he continued to edit it in 1738, never finished. Publication of Le Sopha in 1742 forced him into exile from Paris, which lasted several months.

Around 1744 he entered into a romantic liaison with Lady Henrietta Maria Stafford, daughter of a Jacobite chamberlain, and they were married in 1748. A son born in 1746 died in 1750. Despite financial hardship, they lived harmoniously until her death in 1755. Meanwhile, he published La Nuit et le moment (1745), Ah! quel conte! and Les Heureux Orphelins (1754). Inheriting nothing from Henriette, he was forced to sell his large library in 1757 and eventually found steady income as a royal censor (like his father) in 1759. In 1768 and 1772 he published his last two novels, Lettres de la duchesse de *** au duc de *** and Lettres athéniennes.
(Wikipedia)
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