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Old 07-16-2012, 01:47 PM   #1
twobob
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Post Reworking FFT code

Hi I have recently been pointed at some FFT - that currently is outside of my skills set to port over to the Kindle

I am posting the NOTATED code here for either a) some kind soul to do it for their own ends before I do or b) so I can find in when I have the skills and get the job done.

What is it? It's a -fairly - efficient FFT code that would probably serve us well to get some sound to graphics happening on the kindle.

Where is it from?
http://www.eetimes.com/design/embedd...low-power-MCUs

What's been done?

The header has been welded into the .c for the sake of brevity - it's noted in the file.

The " // THIS NEEDS TODO:" Comments have been added with notes about the outstanding action and relevant old notes about what the previous function was of the code to be replaced - the general idea of the outstanding work is in place. Aside from the actual memory management macros that will need further study to replace properly or even suggest a value/process for.

The code that would not have compiled through specialist directives or non-existent devices has been commented out with generalised instructions as to what might replace it.

As it stands the code compiles but would seg on
"'resultMulReSin' may be used uninitialized in this function"
or possibly sooner if run - since the macros are missing.

I feel certain the with the right re-definitions much of the current code structure could be re-used (specifically the macros I'm thinking here) but I'm not 100% so that's a a - MAYBE certain heh.

So here's the code for my ref... you can get the original still at the original location.
I make no claims to adding value - think of this as a commented - how you might - rather than a howto.

the copyright is permissive-ish and included as specified.

Spoiler:
Code:
/*

 ********************************************************************

 * maxqfft.c 

 *

 * July 01, 2005

 *

 * Paul Holden (Paul_Holden@maximhq.com)

 * Maxim Integrated Products

 *

 * SOFTWARE COMPILES USING IAR EMBEDDED WORKBENCH FOR MAXQ

 *

 * NOTE: All fft input/outputs are signed and in Q8.7 notation

 *

 * Copyright (C) 2005 Maxim/Dallas Semiconductor Corporation,

 * All Rights Reserved.

 *

 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a

 * copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"),

 * to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation

 * the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense,

 * and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the

 * Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

 *

 * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included

 * in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

 *

 * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS

 * OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF

 * MERCHANTABILITY,  FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.

 * IN NO EVENT SHALL MAXIM/DALLAS SEMICONDUCTOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM,

 * DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR

 * OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR

 * THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

 *

 * Except as contained in this notice, the name of Maxim/Dallas Semiconductor

 * shall not be used except as stated in the Maxim/Dallas Semiconductor

 * Branding Policy.

 *

 ********************************************************************

 */



// INCLUDE STATEMENTS ---------------------------

#include <stdio.h>

//#include "maxqfft.h"  WELDED IN HERE



/* DEFINE STATEMENTS */

#define N                 256

#define N_DIV_2           128

#define N_DIV_2_PLUS_1    129

#define N_MINUS_1         255

#define LOG_2_N             8





/*

   cosine Look-Up Table: An LUT for the cosine function in Q8.7. The

                         table was created with the following program:



     #include <stdio.h>

     #include <math.h>

     #define  N 256

     void main(int argc, char* argv[])

     {

        printf("const int cosLUT[%d] =\n{\n",N/2);

        for(int i=0; i<N/2; i++)

        {

           printf("%+4d",(int)(128*cos(2*M_PI*i/N)));

           if (i<(N/2-1))     printf(",");

           if ((i+1)%16 == 0) printf("\n");

        }

        printf("};\n");

     }

*/

const int cosLUT[N_DIV_2] =

{

+128,+127,+127,+127,+127,+127,+126,+126,+125,+124,+124,+123,+122,+121,+120,+119,

+118,+117,+115,+114,+112,+111,+109,+108,+106,+104,+102,+100, +98, +96, +94, +92,

 +90, +88, +85, +83, +81, +78, +76, +73, +71, +68, +65, +63, +60, +57, +54, +51,

 +48, +46, +43, +40, +37, +34, +31, +28, +24, +21, +18, +15, +12,  +9,  +6,  +3,

  +0,  -3,  -6,  -9, -12, -15, -18, -21, -24, -28, -31, -34, -37, -40, -43, -46,

 -48, -51, -54, -57, -60, -63, -65, -68, -71, -73, -76, -78, -81, -83, -85, -88,

 -90, -92, -94, -96, -98,-100,-102,-104,-106,-108,-109,-111,-112,-114,-115,-117,

-118,-119,-120,-121,-122,-123,-124,-124,-125,-126,-126,-127,-127,-127,-127,-127

};



/*

   sine Look-Up Table: An LUT for the sine function in Q8.7. The

                       table was created with the following program:



     #include <stdio.h>

     #include <math.h>

     #define  N 256

     void main(int argc, char* argv[])

     {

        printf("const int sinLUT[%d] =\n{\n",N/2);

        for(int i=0; i<N/2; i++)

        {

           printf("%+4d",(int)(128*sin(2*M_PI*i/N)));

           if (i<(N/2-1))     printf(",");

           if ((i+1)%16 == 0) printf("\n");

        }

        printf("};\n");

     }

*/

const int sinLUT[N_DIV_2] =

{

  +0,  +3,  +6,  +9, +12, +15, +18, +21, +24, +28, +31, +34, +37, +40, +43, +46,

 +48, +51, +54, +57, +60, +63, +65, +68, +71, +73, +76, +78, +81, +83, +85, +88,

 +90, +92, +94, +96, +98,+100,+102,+104,+106,+108,+109,+111,+112,+114,+115,+117,

+118,+119,+120,+121,+122,+123,+124,+124,+125,+126,+126,+127,+127,+127,+127,+127,

+128,+127,+127,+127,+127,+127,+126,+126,+125,+124,+124,+123,+122,+121,+120,+119,

+118,+117,+115,+114,+112,+111,+109,+108,+106,+104,+102,+100, +98, +96, +94, +92,

 +90, +88, +85, +83, +81, +78, +76, +73, +71, +68, +65, +63, +60, +57, +54, +51,

 +48, +46, +43, +40, +37, +34, +31, +28, +24, +21, +18, +15, +12,  +9,  +6,  +3

};



/*

   Hamming Window Look-Up Table: An LUT for the Hamming Window function

                                 in Q8.7. The table was created with

                                 the following program:



     #include <stdio.h>

     #include <math.h>

     #define  N 256

     void main(int argc, char* argv[])

     {

        printf("const char hammingLUT[%d] =\n{\n",N);

        for(int i=0; i<N; i++)

        {

           printf("%+4d",(int)(128*(0.54-0.46*cos(2*M_PI*i/(N-1)))));

           if (i<(N-1))       printf(",");

           if ((i+1)%16 == 0) printf("\n");

        }

        printf("};\n");

     }

*/

const char hammingLUT[N] =

{

 +10, +10, +10, +10, +10, +10, +10, +11, +11, +11, +12, +12, +12, +13, +13, +14,

 +14, +15, +15, +16, +17, +17, +18, +19, +20, +21, +21, +22, +23, +24, +25, +26,

 +27, +28, +29, +30, +31, +33, +34, +35, +36, +37, +39, +40, +41, +42, +44, +45,

 +46, +48, +49, +50, +52, +53, +55, +56, +57, +59, +60, +62, +63, +65, +66, +68,

 +69, +70, +72, +73, +75, +76, +78, +79, +81, +82, +83, +85, +86, +88, +89, +90,

 +92, +93, +94, +96, +97, +98, +99,+101,+102,+103,+104,+105,+106,+107,+109,+110,

+111,+112,+113,+114,+114,+115,+116,+117,+118,+119,+119,+120,+121,+121,+122,+123,

+123,+124,+124,+125,+125,+126,+126,+126,+126,+127,+127,+127,+127,+127,+127,+127,

+127,+127,+127,+127,+127,+127,+127,+126,+126,+126,+126,+125,+125,+124,+124,+123,

+123,+122,+121,+121,+120,+119,+119,+118,+117,+116,+115,+114,+114,+113,+112,+111,

+110,+109,+107,+106,+105,+104,+103,+102,+101, +99, +98, +97, +96, +94, +93, +92,

 +90, +89, +88, +86, +85, +83, +82, +81, +79, +78, +76, +75, +73, +72, +70, +69,

 +68, +66, +65, +63, +62, +60, +59, +57, +56, +55, +53, +52, +50, +49, +48, +46,

 +45, +44, +42, +41, +40, +39, +37, +36, +35, +34, +33, +31, +30, +29, +28, +27,

 +26, +25, +24, +23, +22, +21, +21, +20, +19, +18, +17, +17, +16, +15, +15, +14,

 +14, +13, +13, +12, +12, +12, +11, +11, +11, +10, +10, +10, +10, +10, +10, +10

};



/*

   Hann Window Look-Up Table: An LUT for the Hann Window function

                              in Q8.7. The table was created with

                              the following program:



     #include <stdio.h>

     #include <math.h>

     #define  N 256

     void main(int argc, char* argv[])

     {

        printf("const char hannLUT[%d] =\n{\n",N);

        for(int i=0; i<N; i++)

        {

           printf("%+4d",(int)(128*(0.5-0.5*cos(2*M_PI*i/(N-1)))));

           if (i<(N-1))       printf(",");

           if ((i+1)%16 == 0) printf("\n");

        }

        printf("};\n");

     }

*/

const char hannLUT[N] =

{

  +0,  +0,  +0,  +0,  +0,  +0,  +0,  +0,  +1,  +1,  +1,  +2,  +2,  +3,  +3,  +4,

  +4,  +5,  +6,  +6,  +7,  +8,  +9, +10, +10, +11, +12, +13, +14, +15, +16, +17,

 +18, +20, +21, +22, +23, +24, +26, +27, +28, +29, +31, +32, +34, +35, +36, +38,

 +39, +41, +42, +44, +45, +47, +48, +50, +51, +53, +54, +56, +58, +59, +61, +62,

 +64, +65, +67, +69, +70, +72, +73, +75, +76, +78, +79, +81, +83, +84, +86, +87,

 +88, +90, +91, +93, +94, +95, +97, +98,+100,+101,+102,+103,+105,+106,+107,+108,

+109,+110,+111,+112,+113,+114,+115,+116,+117,+118,+119,+120,+120,+121,+122,+122,

+123,+123,+124,+124,+125,+125,+126,+126,+126,+127,+127,+127,+127,+127,+127,+127,

+127,+127,+127,+127,+127,+127,+127,+126,+126,+126,+125,+125,+124,+124,+123,+123,

+122,+122,+121,+120,+120,+119,+118,+117,+116,+115,+114,+113,+112,+111,+110,+109,

+108,+107,+106,+105,+103,+102,+101,+100, +98, +97, +96, +94, +93, +91, +90, +88,

 +87, +86, +84, +83, +81, +79, +78, +76, +75, +73, +72, +70, +69, +67, +65, +64,

 +62, +61, +59, +58, +56, +54, +53, +51, +50, +48, +47, +45, +44, +42, +41, +39,

 +38, +36, +35, +34, +32, +31, +29, +28, +27, +26, +24, +23, +22, +21, +20, +18,

 +17, +16, +15, +14, +13, +12, +11, +10, +10,  +9,  +8,  +7,  +6,  +6,  +5,  +4,

  +4,  +3,  +3,  +2,  +2,  +1,  +1,  +1,  +0,  +0,  +0,  +0,  +0,  +0,  +0,  +0

};



/*

   Magnitude Look-Up Table: A LUT for determining the magnitude of X(n). The

                            actual magnitude is calculated using the following

                            equation:



                                  |X(n)| = sqrt(Re{X(n)}^2 + Im{X(n)}^2)



                            The first LUT index corresponds to the real part

                            of X(n) while the second index corresponds to the

                            imaginary part of X(n). If X(n) is in Q8.7, the

                            absolut value of the real and imaginary parts

                            must be shifted to the right by 11 positions to

                            obtain the 4-MSb (Most Significant bits) needed

                            for each of the two indexed (2^4 = 16). The table

                            was created with the following program:



     #include <stdio.h>

     #include <math.h>

     #define  N 256

     long magn[16][16] = {{0}};

     void main(int argc, char* argv[])

     {

        printf("const unsigned char magnLUT[16][16] =\n{\n");

        for(int i=0; i<16; i++)

        {

           printf("{");

           for(int j=0; j<16; j++)

           {

                magn[i][j] = (long)sqrt(pow(i<<12,2) + pow(j<<12,2));

                if (magn[i][j] > 0xffff)

                   magn[i][j] = 0xffff;

                printf("0x%02x",(magn[i][j] >> 8) & 0x000000ff);

                if (j<15)

                   printf(",");

           }

           if (i<15) printf("},\n");

           else      printf("}\n");

        }

        printf("};\n");

     }

*/

const unsigned char magnLUT[16][16] =

{

{0x00,0x10,0x20,0x30,0x40,0x50,0x60,0x70,0x80,0x90,0xa0,0xb0,0xc0,0xd0,0xe0,0xf0},

{0x10,0x16,0x23,0x32,0x41,0x51,0x61,0x71,0x80,0x90,0xa0,0xb0,0xc0,0xd0,0xe0,0xf0},

{0x20,0x23,0x2d,0x39,0x47,0x56,0x65,0x74,0x83,0x93,0xa3,0xb2,0xc2,0xd2,0xe2,0xf2},

{0x30,0x32,0x39,0x43,0x50,0x5d,0x6b,0x79,0x88,0x97,0xa7,0xb6,0xc5,0xd5,0xe5,0xf4},

{0x40,0x41,0x47,0x50,0x5a,0x66,0x73,0x80,0x8f,0x9d,0xac,0xbb,0xca,0xd9,0xe8,0xf8},

{0x50,0x51,0x56,0x5d,0x66,0x71,0x7c,0x89,0x96,0xa4,0xb2,0xc1,0xd0,0xde,0xed,0xfc},

{0x60,0x61,0x65,0x6b,0x73,0x7c,0x87,0x93,0xa0,0xad,0xba,0xc8,0xd6,0xe5,0xf3,0xff},

{0x70,0x71,0x74,0x79,0x80,0x89,0x93,0x9e,0xaa,0xb6,0xc3,0xd0,0xde,0xec,0xfa,0xff},

{0x80,0x80,0x83,0x88,0x8f,0x96,0xa0,0xaa,0xb5,0xc0,0xcc,0xd9,0xe6,0xf4,0xff,0xff},

{0x90,0x90,0x93,0x97,0x9d,0xa4,0xad,0xb6,0xc0,0xcb,0xd7,0xe3,0xf0,0xfc,0xff,0xff},

{0xa0,0xa0,0xa3,0xa7,0xac,0xb2,0xba,0xc3,0xcc,0xd7,0xe2,0xed,0xf9,0xff,0xff,0xff},

{0xb0,0xb0,0xb2,0xb6,0xbb,0xc1,0xc8,0xd0,0xd9,0xe3,0xed,0xf8,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff},

{0xc0,0xc0,0xc2,0xc5,0xca,0xd0,0xd6,0xde,0xe6,0xf0,0xf9,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff},

{0xd0,0xd0,0xd2,0xd5,0xd9,0xde,0xe5,0xec,0xf4,0xfc,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff},

{0xe0,0xe0,0xe2,0xe5,0xe8,0xed,0xf3,0xfa,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff},

{0xf0,0xf0,0xf2,0xf4,0xf8,0xfc,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff}

};







// END WELD FROM OLD EXTERNAL HEADER FILE:



// THIS NEEDS TODO:

//#include <intrinsics.h>   // Um... research this. currently just elided



// DEFINE STATEMENTS ----------------------------

#define  NOP  __no_operation()



/*

 * Windowing: Uncomment one of the following define

 *   statements to enable the corresponding windowing

 *   function on input samples. Comment all to disable

 *   windowing.

 */

//#define WINDOWING_HAMMING

//#define WINDOWING_HANN



/*

 * x_n_re

 *

 * This array will store the FFT input samples, x(n),

 * and the real part of the spectrum, X(n).

 */

//__no_init



int x_n_re[N];



/*

 * tmp_32

 *

 * a union that allows accessing the individual 16-bit

 * words of a 32-bit double word as well as the entire 

 * double word. This union is used by the multiplication

 * macros that make use of the hardware multiplier and

 * convert the multiplication result to Q8.7 notation.

 */

//__no_init



union

{

  long tmp_32;

  struct

  {

    int LSW; // Least Significant 16-bit Word

    int MSW; // Most  Significant 16-bit Word

  } tmp_16;

};



/*

 * Hardware Multiplier Macros

 *

 *

 *

 *

 *

 * These macros are used to access the hardware multiplier. For

 * the MAXQ, registers MA and MB are the hardware multiplier

 * operands while MC1:MC0 store the hardware multiplier result.

 *

 * (1) MUL_1(A,B,C) : C=A*B  (result converted to Q8.7 notation)

 * (2) MUL_2(A,C)   : C=A*MB (result converted to Q8.7 notation)

 * (3) MUL_INIT(B)  : MB=B

 * (4) MUL_NC(A,C)  : C=A*MB (result not converted to Q8.7 notation)

 */



// REWORK THESE FOR STANDARD USE





// THIS NEEDS TODO:

#define MUL_1(A,B,C)



//MA=A;MB=B; NOP; tmp_16.LSW=MC0; tmp_16.MSW=MC1; C=tmp_32>>7



// THIS NEEDS TODO:

#define MUL_2(A,C)



//MA=A;      NOP; tmp_16.LSW=MC0; tmp_16.MSW=MC1; C=tmp_32>>7



// THIS NEEDS TODO:

#define MUL_INIT(B)



//MB=B



// THIS NEEDS TODO:

#define MUL_NC(A,C)



//MA=A;      NOP; C=MC0



/*

 * initADC()

 *

 * Initializes the ADC to send single channel 8-bit data to the

 * MAXQ. Refer to the included circuit schematic for connection

 * information.

 */

void initADC()

{

   

	  // THIS NEEDS TODO:

  //	SETUP THE SOUNDCARD OR IO OF SOME NATURE





	//__no_init

  // unsigned int i;



//   // Configure the MAXQ GPIO pins for a write to the ADC

//   // configuration register.

//   PD0 = 0xFF; PD1 = 0xFF; PD2 = 0x3F;

//   PO0 = 0x04; PO1 = 0x00; PO2 = 0xDF;

//

//   // Waste time to allow ADC to exit shutdown mode

//   for(i=0; i<2048; i++) __no_operation();

//

//   // Enable the ADC Channel 0

//   PO2_bit.bit2 = 0; NOP; // ADC /CS pin low

//   PO2_bit.bit1 = 0; NOP; // ADC /WR pin low

//   PO2_bit.bit1 = 1; NOP; // ADC /WR pin high

//

//   // Configure the MAXQ GPIO pins to read samples

//   // from the ADC

//   PD0 = 0x00; PD1 = 0x00;

//   PO0 = 0x00;

//

//   // Send dummy byte to ADC

//   PO2_bit.bit3 = 0; NOP; // ADC CONVST pin low

//   PO2_bit.bit3 = 1; NOP; // ADC CONVST pin high

//

//   while(!PO2_bit.bit7);  // Wait for End-Of-Last-Conversion flag

//

//   PO2_bit.bit0 = 0; NOP; // ADC /RD pin low

//   PO2_bit.bit0 = 1; NOP; // ADC /RD pin high

//

//   PO2_bit.bit2 = 1;      // ADC /CS pin high

}



/*

 * getSamplesFromADC()

 *

 * Captures N 8-bit samples (in 2's complement format) from

 * the ADC and stores them in the array x_n_re. If windowing

 * is enabled, the data will be multiplied by the

 * appropriate function.

 */

void getSamplesFromADC()

{



	  // THIS NEEDS TODO:

	// rewrite to suck sample from stdio or something





   /* 1. Init variables */

   //__no_init



   unsigned int i;

   int *ptr_x_n_re = x_n_re;



   /* 2. Set ADC /CS pin low to enable interface */

 //  PO2_bit.bit2 = 0;



   /* 3. Capture 256 samples from the ADC. This loop does not include

         any decision structure to ensure that the sampling rate is 

         consistent. Delays are also introduced to force a sampling 

         rate of 200ksps.

   */

   for(i=0; i<256; i++)

   {



	   // THIS NEEDS TODO:

	   // GRAB THE CHARS _ BITS _ SAMPLES W/E



//

//

//      /* 3.1. Acquire sample */

//      PO2_bit.bit3 = 0; // ADC CONVST pin low

//      NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;

//      NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;

//      NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;

//      NOP;NOP;          // Wait tacq

//      PO2_bit.bit3 = 1; // ADC CONVST pin high

//

//      /* 3.2. Wait for sample to convert */

//      NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;

//      NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;

//      NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;

//      NOP;NOP;          // Wait for tconv

//

//      /* 3.3. Read the sample from the ADC. Pointer notation instead

//              of array notation is used for x_n_re to increase sampling

//              speed.

//      */

//      PO2_bit.bit0    = 0;   // ADC /RD pin low

//      *(ptr_x_n_re++) = PI1; // Read sample

//      PO2_bit.bit0    = 1;   // ADC /RD pin high

//

//      /* 3.4. Wait for 400nS. This will force a sampling rate of 200ksps */

//      NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;NOP;

   }

   

   /* 4. Set ADC /CS pin high to disable the ADC digital interface */

//   PO2_bit.bit2 = 1; // ADC /CS pin high

   



   // THIS NEEDS TODO:



   /* 5. Perform adjustments to samples:

            - If the sample is negative (sign bit is 1), convert the

              sampled byte to the corresponding negative 16-bit word

            - Multiply sample by windowing function if enabled

   */

   for(i=0; i<256; i++)

   {

      if (x_n_re[i]&0x0080)

         x_n_re[i] += 0xFF00; // Convert to negative 16-bit word (2's comp)

         

#ifdef WINDOWING_HAMMING

      MUL_1(x_n_re[i],hammingLUT[i],x_n_re[i]); // x(n) = x(n)*hamming(n);

#endif

#ifdef WINDOWING_HANN

      MUL_1(x_n_re[i],hannLUT[i]),x_n_re[i]);   // x(n) = x(n)*hann(n);

#endif

   }

}









/*

 * main()

 */

void main()

{

   /* 1. Init ADC */

 //  initADC();



	  // THIS NEEDS TODO:

	// SETUP THE INPUT FROM STDIO OR INIT SOUNDCARD -  OR SOMETHING





   /* 2. Init Serial Port */

 //  PD7_bit.bit0 = 1;      // Set TX0 pin as output

//   SCON0        = 0x42;   //

 //  SMD0         = 0x02;   //

 //  PR0          = 0x2F2F; // Set baud rate to 115200bps with fsysclk=20MHz

      

   /* 3. Init Hardware Multiplier */

  // MCNT = 0x08; // Configure Hardware Multiplier for signed multiply





	  // THIS NEEDS TODO:

   //I'm guessing - hoping - that our compiler is smart enough to manage this above section by itself with the right direction

	// we will be rewriting the headers anyways... check this!





   /* 4. FFT Loop */

   while (1)

   {

      /* 4.0. Variable Declaration and Initialization */

      //__no_init

      unsigned int i;      // Misc index

      

      int  n_of_b      = N_DIV_2; // Number of butterflies

      int  s_of_b      = 1;       // Size   of butterflies

      int  a_index     = 0;       // fft data index

      int  a_index_ref = 0;       // fft data index reference

      char stage       = 0;       // Stage of the fft, 0 to (Log2(N)-1)

      

      //__no_init

      int  nb_index;    // Number of butterflies index

      //__no_init

      int  sb_index;    // Size   of butterflies index



      int x_n_im[N] = {0x0000};   // Imaginary part of x(n) and X(n),

                                  // initialized to 0 before every fft

   



      /* 4.1. Get Input Samples from the ADC: Data will be stored in x_n_re */

      getSamplesFromADC();





      /* 4.2. Perform Bit-Reversal: Uses an unrolled loop that was created with

                                    the following C code:

      

            #include <stdio.h>

            #define  N               256

            #define  LOG_2_N           8



            int bitRev(int a, int nBits)

            {

               int rev_a = 0;

               for (int i=0; i<nBits; i++)

               {

                  rev_a = (rev_a << 1) | (a & 1);

                  a     = a >> 1;

               }

               return rev_a;

            }



            int main(int argc, char* argv[])

            {

               printf("   unsigned int i;\n");

               for(int i=0; i<N; i++)

                  if (bitRev(i,LOG_2_N) > i)

                  {

                     printf("   i=x_n_re[%3d]; "       ,i);

                     printf("x_n_re[%3d]=x_n_re[%3d]; ",i,bitRev(i,LOG_2_N));

                     printf("x_n_re[%3d]=i;\n"         ,bitRev(i,LOG_2_N));

                  }



               return 0;

            }

      

      */

      i=x_n_re[  1]; x_n_re[  1]=x_n_re[128]; x_n_re[128]=i;

      i=x_n_re[  2]; x_n_re[  2]=x_n_re[ 64]; x_n_re[ 64]=i;

      i=x_n_re[  3]; x_n_re[  3]=x_n_re[192]; x_n_re[192]=i;

      i=x_n_re[  4]; x_n_re[  4]=x_n_re[ 32]; x_n_re[ 32]=i;

      i=x_n_re[  5]; x_n_re[  5]=x_n_re[160]; x_n_re[160]=i;

      i=x_n_re[  6]; x_n_re[  6]=x_n_re[ 96]; x_n_re[ 96]=i;

      i=x_n_re[  7]; x_n_re[  7]=x_n_re[224]; x_n_re[224]=i;

      i=x_n_re[  8]; x_n_re[  8]=x_n_re[ 16]; x_n_re[ 16]=i;

      i=x_n_re[  9]; x_n_re[  9]=x_n_re[144]; x_n_re[144]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 10]; x_n_re[ 10]=x_n_re[ 80]; x_n_re[ 80]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 11]; x_n_re[ 11]=x_n_re[208]; x_n_re[208]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 12]; x_n_re[ 12]=x_n_re[ 48]; x_n_re[ 48]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 13]; x_n_re[ 13]=x_n_re[176]; x_n_re[176]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 14]; x_n_re[ 14]=x_n_re[112]; x_n_re[112]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 15]; x_n_re[ 15]=x_n_re[240]; x_n_re[240]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 17]; x_n_re[ 17]=x_n_re[136]; x_n_re[136]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 18]; x_n_re[ 18]=x_n_re[ 72]; x_n_re[ 72]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 19]; x_n_re[ 19]=x_n_re[200]; x_n_re[200]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 20]; x_n_re[ 20]=x_n_re[ 40]; x_n_re[ 40]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 21]; x_n_re[ 21]=x_n_re[168]; x_n_re[168]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 22]; x_n_re[ 22]=x_n_re[104]; x_n_re[104]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 23]; x_n_re[ 23]=x_n_re[232]; x_n_re[232]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 25]; x_n_re[ 25]=x_n_re[152]; x_n_re[152]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 26]; x_n_re[ 26]=x_n_re[ 88]; x_n_re[ 88]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 27]; x_n_re[ 27]=x_n_re[216]; x_n_re[216]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 28]; x_n_re[ 28]=x_n_re[ 56]; x_n_re[ 56]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 29]; x_n_re[ 29]=x_n_re[184]; x_n_re[184]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 30]; x_n_re[ 30]=x_n_re[120]; x_n_re[120]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 31]; x_n_re[ 31]=x_n_re[248]; x_n_re[248]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 33]; x_n_re[ 33]=x_n_re[132]; x_n_re[132]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 34]; x_n_re[ 34]=x_n_re[ 68]; x_n_re[ 68]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 35]; x_n_re[ 35]=x_n_re[196]; x_n_re[196]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 37]; x_n_re[ 37]=x_n_re[164]; x_n_re[164]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 38]; x_n_re[ 38]=x_n_re[100]; x_n_re[100]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 39]; x_n_re[ 39]=x_n_re[228]; x_n_re[228]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 41]; x_n_re[ 41]=x_n_re[148]; x_n_re[148]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 42]; x_n_re[ 42]=x_n_re[ 84]; x_n_re[ 84]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 43]; x_n_re[ 43]=x_n_re[212]; x_n_re[212]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 44]; x_n_re[ 44]=x_n_re[ 52]; x_n_re[ 52]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 45]; x_n_re[ 45]=x_n_re[180]; x_n_re[180]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 46]; x_n_re[ 46]=x_n_re[116]; x_n_re[116]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 47]; x_n_re[ 47]=x_n_re[244]; x_n_re[244]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 49]; x_n_re[ 49]=x_n_re[140]; x_n_re[140]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 50]; x_n_re[ 50]=x_n_re[ 76]; x_n_re[ 76]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 51]; x_n_re[ 51]=x_n_re[204]; x_n_re[204]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 53]; x_n_re[ 53]=x_n_re[172]; x_n_re[172]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 54]; x_n_re[ 54]=x_n_re[108]; x_n_re[108]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 55]; x_n_re[ 55]=x_n_re[236]; x_n_re[236]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 57]; x_n_re[ 57]=x_n_re[156]; x_n_re[156]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 58]; x_n_re[ 58]=x_n_re[ 92]; x_n_re[ 92]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 59]; x_n_re[ 59]=x_n_re[220]; x_n_re[220]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 61]; x_n_re[ 61]=x_n_re[188]; x_n_re[188]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 62]; x_n_re[ 62]=x_n_re[124]; x_n_re[124]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 63]; x_n_re[ 63]=x_n_re[252]; x_n_re[252]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 65]; x_n_re[ 65]=x_n_re[130]; x_n_re[130]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 67]; x_n_re[ 67]=x_n_re[194]; x_n_re[194]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 69]; x_n_re[ 69]=x_n_re[162]; x_n_re[162]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 70]; x_n_re[ 70]=x_n_re[ 98]; x_n_re[ 98]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 71]; x_n_re[ 71]=x_n_re[226]; x_n_re[226]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 73]; x_n_re[ 73]=x_n_re[146]; x_n_re[146]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 74]; x_n_re[ 74]=x_n_re[ 82]; x_n_re[ 82]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 75]; x_n_re[ 75]=x_n_re[210]; x_n_re[210]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 77]; x_n_re[ 77]=x_n_re[178]; x_n_re[178]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 78]; x_n_re[ 78]=x_n_re[114]; x_n_re[114]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 79]; x_n_re[ 79]=x_n_re[242]; x_n_re[242]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 81]; x_n_re[ 81]=x_n_re[138]; x_n_re[138]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 83]; x_n_re[ 83]=x_n_re[202]; x_n_re[202]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 85]; x_n_re[ 85]=x_n_re[170]; x_n_re[170]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 86]; x_n_re[ 86]=x_n_re[106]; x_n_re[106]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 87]; x_n_re[ 87]=x_n_re[234]; x_n_re[234]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 89]; x_n_re[ 89]=x_n_re[154]; x_n_re[154]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 91]; x_n_re[ 91]=x_n_re[218]; x_n_re[218]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 93]; x_n_re[ 93]=x_n_re[186]; x_n_re[186]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 94]; x_n_re[ 94]=x_n_re[122]; x_n_re[122]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 95]; x_n_re[ 95]=x_n_re[250]; x_n_re[250]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 97]; x_n_re[ 97]=x_n_re[134]; x_n_re[134]=i;

      i=x_n_re[ 99]; x_n_re[ 99]=x_n_re[198]; x_n_re[198]=i;

      i=x_n_re[101]; x_n_re[101]=x_n_re[166]; x_n_re[166]=i;

      i=x_n_re[103]; x_n_re[103]=x_n_re[230]; x_n_re[230]=i;

      i=x_n_re[105]; x_n_re[105]=x_n_re[150]; x_n_re[150]=i;

      i=x_n_re[107]; x_n_re[107]=x_n_re[214]; x_n_re[214]=i;

      i=x_n_re[109]; x_n_re[109]=x_n_re[182]; x_n_re[182]=i;

      i=x_n_re[110]; x_n_re[110]=x_n_re[118]; x_n_re[118]=i;

      i=x_n_re[111]; x_n_re[111]=x_n_re[246]; x_n_re[246]=i;

      i=x_n_re[113]; x_n_re[113]=x_n_re[142]; x_n_re[142]=i;

      i=x_n_re[115]; x_n_re[115]=x_n_re[206]; x_n_re[206]=i;

      i=x_n_re[117]; x_n_re[117]=x_n_re[174]; x_n_re[174]=i;

      i=x_n_re[119]; x_n_re[119]=x_n_re[238]; x_n_re[238]=i;

      i=x_n_re[121]; x_n_re[121]=x_n_re[158]; x_n_re[158]=i;

      i=x_n_re[123]; x_n_re[123]=x_n_re[222]; x_n_re[222]=i;

      i=x_n_re[125]; x_n_re[125]=x_n_re[190]; x_n_re[190]=i;

      i=x_n_re[127]; x_n_re[127]=x_n_re[254]; x_n_re[254]=i;

      i=x_n_re[131]; x_n_re[131]=x_n_re[193]; x_n_re[193]=i;

      i=x_n_re[133]; x_n_re[133]=x_n_re[161]; x_n_re[161]=i;

      i=x_n_re[135]; x_n_re[135]=x_n_re[225]; x_n_re[225]=i;

      i=x_n_re[137]; x_n_re[137]=x_n_re[145]; x_n_re[145]=i;

      i=x_n_re[139]; x_n_re[139]=x_n_re[209]; x_n_re[209]=i;

      i=x_n_re[141]; x_n_re[141]=x_n_re[177]; x_n_re[177]=i;

      i=x_n_re[143]; x_n_re[143]=x_n_re[241]; x_n_re[241]=i;

      i=x_n_re[147]; x_n_re[147]=x_n_re[201]; x_n_re[201]=i;

      i=x_n_re[149]; x_n_re[149]=x_n_re[169]; x_n_re[169]=i;

      i=x_n_re[151]; x_n_re[151]=x_n_re[233]; x_n_re[233]=i;

      i=x_n_re[155]; x_n_re[155]=x_n_re[217]; x_n_re[217]=i;

      i=x_n_re[157]; x_n_re[157]=x_n_re[185]; x_n_re[185]=i;

      i=x_n_re[159]; x_n_re[159]=x_n_re[249]; x_n_re[249]=i;

      i=x_n_re[163]; x_n_re[163]=x_n_re[197]; x_n_re[197]=i;

      i=x_n_re[167]; x_n_re[167]=x_n_re[229]; x_n_re[229]=i;

      i=x_n_re[171]; x_n_re[171]=x_n_re[213]; x_n_re[213]=i;

      i=x_n_re[173]; x_n_re[173]=x_n_re[181]; x_n_re[181]=i;

      i=x_n_re[175]; x_n_re[175]=x_n_re[245]; x_n_re[245]=i;

      i=x_n_re[179]; x_n_re[179]=x_n_re[205]; x_n_re[205]=i;

      i=x_n_re[183]; x_n_re[183]=x_n_re[237]; x_n_re[237]=i;

      i=x_n_re[187]; x_n_re[187]=x_n_re[221]; x_n_re[221]=i;

      i=x_n_re[191]; x_n_re[191]=x_n_re[253]; x_n_re[253]=i;

      i=x_n_re[199]; x_n_re[199]=x_n_re[227]; x_n_re[227]=i;

      i=x_n_re[203]; x_n_re[203]=x_n_re[211]; x_n_re[211]=i;

      i=x_n_re[207]; x_n_re[207]=x_n_re[243]; x_n_re[243]=i;

      i=x_n_re[215]; x_n_re[215]=x_n_re[235]; x_n_re[235]=i;

      i=x_n_re[223]; x_n_re[223]=x_n_re[251]; x_n_re[251]=i;

      i=x_n_re[239]; x_n_re[239]=x_n_re[247]; x_n_re[247]=i;





      /* 4.3. FFT: loop through the 0 to log2(N) stages of

                   the butterfly computations. When the FFT

                   begins, the input samples (x(n)) are stored

                   in x_n_re/x_n_im. When the FFT is done,

                   the spectrum (X(n)) has replaced the input

                   stored in x_n_re/x_n_im.

                   

      */

      for(stage=0; stage<LOG_2_N; stage++)

      {

         for(nb_index=0; nb_index<n_of_b; nb_index++)

         {

            int tf_index = 0; // The twiddle factor index

            for(sb_index=0; sb_index<s_of_b; sb_index++)

            {

               //__no_init

               int resultMulReCos;

               //__no_init

               int resultMulImCos;

               //__no_init

               int resultMulReSin;

               //__no_init

               int resultMulImSin;

                         int b_index = a_index+s_of_b; // 2nd fft data index             





                         // THIS NEEDS TODO:

                         // THIS CALLS THE MACROS THAT NEED TO BE REWRITTEN!!!

                         //  Line 326 - 329



               MUL_1(cosLUT[tf_index],x_n_re[b_index],resultMulReCos);

               MUL_2(sinLUT[tf_index],resultMulReSin);

               MUL_1(cosLUT[tf_index],x_n_im[b_index],resultMulImCos);

               MUL_2(sinLUT[tf_index],resultMulImSin);

         

               x_n_re[b_index] = x_n_re[a_index]-resultMulReCos+resultMulImSin;

               x_n_im[b_index] = x_n_im[a_index]-resultMulReSin-resultMulImCos;

               x_n_re[a_index] = x_n_re[a_index]+resultMulReCos-resultMulImSin;

               x_n_im[a_index] = x_n_im[a_index]+resultMulReSin+resultMulImCos;

            

               if (((sb_index+1) & (s_of_b-1)) == 0)

                  a_index = a_index_ref;

               else

                  a_index++;



               tf_index += n_of_b;

            }

            a_index     = ((s_of_b<<1) + a_index) & N_MINUS_1;

            a_index_ref = a_index;

         }

         n_of_b >>= 1;

         s_of_b <<= 1;

      }





      /* 4.4. abs(X(n)): Loop through N/2+1 (0 to N/2) FFT results (stored in

                         x_n_re and x_n_im) and make all the values positive.

                         This will be needed for the algorithm used to compute

                         the magnitude of X(n).

      */

      MUL_INIT(-1);

      for(i=0; i<N_DIV_2_PLUS_1; i++)

      {

         // If Re{X(n)} is negative, multiply by -1

         if ((x_n_re[i] & 0x8000)!=0x0000)

         {

            MUL_NC(x_n_re[i],x_n_re[i]);

         }

         // If Im{X(n)} is negative, multiply by -1

         if ((x_n_im[i] & 0x8000)!=0x0000)

         {

            MUL_NC(x_n_im[i],x_n_im[i]);

         }    

      }   





      /* 4.5. |X(n)|: Compute the magniture of X(n) using a LUT. This is

                      possible only because the values of Re{X(n)} and

                      Im{X(n)} are all positive. Note that Im{X(0)} and

                      Im{X(N/2)} contain no data and therefore computing

                      |X(0)| and |X(N/2)| requires only the real part

                      of X(n).

                      

                      The magniture LUT is declared as:

                      

                         const unsigned char magnLUT[16][16] = {...};

                      

                      where the first index is abs(Re{X(n)}) and the second

                      index is abs(Im{X(n)}). Since X(n) is stored as Q8.7,

                      and the 4 most significant bits (2^4=16) are to be used

                      as the indexes, the Re{X(n)} and Im{X(n)} must be right

                      shifted 11 positions.

      */

      x_n_re[0] = magnLUT[x_n_re[0]>>11][0];

      for(i=1; i<N_DIV_2; i++)

         x_n_re[i] = magnLUT[x_n_re[i]>>11][x_n_im[i]>>11];

      x_n_re[N_DIV_2] = magnLUT[x_n_re[N_DIV_2]>>11][0];





      /* 4.6. Xmit |X(n)|: Transmits the magnitude of X(n) using UART0 */

      for(i=0; i<N_DIV_2_PLUS_1; i++)

      {

    	  // THIS NEEDS TODO:

    	// Empty the output buffer in some way







     //    while(!SCON0_bit.TI);     // Wait for empty buffer

     //    SCON0_bit.TI = 0;         // Reset empty buffer flag

     //    SBUF0        = x_n_re[i]; // Send magn





      }





   }

}
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Old 07-16-2012, 01:50 PM   #2
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Quote:
Originally Posted by twobob View Post
... the general idea of the outstanding work is in place. ...
By "outstanding work", do you mean "work that was done well", or "work not yet done"? At least you are not talking about a farmer "outstanding in his field"...

EDIT: For those reading a machine-translation of this post: The "farmer outstanding in his field" phrase is a pun, were "outstanding in his field" is an English idiom that means "respected by his professional peers", but heard verbally in the context of a farm, the listener would be torn between the common idiom and the picture of a farmer standing in a farm field. Idioms and puns seldom translate well to other languages, hence, this explanation.

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Old 07-16-2012, 01:56 PM   #3
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I count 13 TODO's
some really quite minor info-routing stuff,
some really quite major register management stuff.

All simple stuff when you know how.

This space reserved for a happy message of success one day
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Old 07-16-2012, 01:58 PM   #4
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lolz etc

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Originally Posted by geekmaster View Post
By "outstanding work", do you mean "work that was done well", or "work not yet done"?
hehehe. No, as in - to stand outwardly - obvious really. hehehe



EDIT: Just to be clear.. This is also not correct... It relates to relative physical position, as opposed to personification of a results set. Wow explaining jokes is tough.

Last edited by twobob; 07-16-2012 at 02:18 PM. Reason: Jokes are bad mmmkay - note to self - dont do jokes :)
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Old 07-16-2012, 02:03 PM   #5
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I count 13 TODO's ...
I understood you (it was prefixed by "TODO" after all). I was just trying to inject a little humor (but perhaps I edited in the explanation a bit too late). I tend to use a "dry" humor that may go unrecognized by those preoccupied by other thoughts while reading them.
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Old 07-16-2012, 02:14 PM   #6
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I understood you (it was prefixed by "TODO" after all). I was just trying to inject a little humor (but perhaps I edited in the explanation a bit too late). I tend to use a "dry" humor that may go unrecognized by those preoccupied by other thoughts while reading them.
HaHa ! So was I! Your point proven! Written humour loses the nuance : ))

Last edited by twobob; 07-16-2012 at 02:19 PM. Reason: added excruciatingly unfunny notes
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Old 07-16-2012, 02:21 PM   #7
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In the interim I am looking at this. http://www.lartmaker.nl/projects/fft-arm/

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The Fast Fourier Transform is a signal processing algorithm, transforming signals between time and frequency domain. It is used quite often in audio, vision, communication and data analysis. Most FFT libraries (like fftw) are written to use floating point instructions. Unfortunately most ARM processors don't have integrated FPUs and rely on slow emulated support for floating point. The fft-arm library solely uses fixed point numbers to achieve high performance.

This code is a very minimal set of functions for radix 4/5 complex fixed point in-place FFT routines, optimized for the DEC/Intel StrongARM and other recent ARM cores. All that's provided as of now are FFTs with size 20, 64 and 80, with medium user effort other sizes can be supported. Since it's all C code, a smart compiler can tune the scheduling for newer processors (like XScale), and you can even test the functionality of the code on another architecture (like an x86 Linux box).
I'm Happy with the smallest size - we just want some results.

the code is 11 years old. I'm hoping maths hasn't moved on too much in that time.

Last edited by twobob; 07-16-2012 at 02:26 PM. Reason: added provenance
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Old 07-16-2012, 02:23 PM   #8
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HaHa ! So was I! Your point proven! Written humour loses the nuance : ))
Puns (as used in recent posts) are a low form of verbal humor which exploit similar pronunciation of different words or different definitions of the same words, subject to conflicting interpretation by the listener. And bad puns are a form of punishment. Can you imagine the torture of having to listen to bad puns all day long?

Last edited by geekmaster; 07-16-2012 at 02:31 PM.
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Old 07-16-2012, 02:24 PM   #9
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And puns (which exploit similar pronunciation of different words) could be considered a form of punishment. Can you imagine the torture of having to listen to bad puns all day?
insert several puny jokes here
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Old 07-16-2012, 02:30 PM   #10
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I count 13 TODO's
some really quite minor info-routing stuff,
some really quite major register management stuff.

All simple stuff when you know how.

This space reserved for a happy message of success one day
No register management stuff required, that is what an optimizing compiler does for you (among other things).

ToDo #14 : Change the data type to one of those supported by the VFP processor, let the special hardware get after this thing.
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Old 07-16-2012, 02:32 PM   #11
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No register management stuff required, that is what an optimizing compiler does for you (among other things).

ToDo #14 : Change the data type to one of those supported by the VFP processor, let the special hardware get after this thing.
Thanks Mate, and this is exactly the type of knowledge that I am hoping to scrape together through threads such as this. I am not adverse to RTFM but sometimes you just have to accept that other people know more than you do.

Much appreciated.
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Old 07-16-2012, 02:33 PM   #12
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In the interim I am looking at this. http://www.lartmaker.nl/projects/fft-arm/



I'm Happy with the smallest size - we just want some results.

the code is 11 years old. I'm hoping maths hasn't moved on too much in that time.
Much of the new math is patented, so you cannot use it anyway. Progress be damned.
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Old 07-16-2012, 02:37 PM   #13
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With data types and data array layout to best suit the VFP -
I will not be surprised if the K4/K5 with higher clockspeed and **much** more powerful VFPv3 can do rt video fft.
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Old 07-16-2012, 03:37 PM   #14
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With data types and data array layout to best suit the VFP -
I will not be surprised if the K4/K5 with higher clockspeed and **much** more powerful VFPv3 can do rt video fft.
wow that would be nifty.

any clues on the -march -mtune flags for the Kindle3 Arm6?

http://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/ARM-Options.html

I'm trying to be specific enough to get the job done right.

Kindle 3: Freescale i.MX35 532 MHz, ARM11
Freescale i. MX353 applications processor,
Freescale MC13892 power management chip
http://www.freescale.com/webapp/sps/...p?code=i.MX353

arm-none-linux-gnueabi-gcc -O3 -march=armv6j -mtune=arm1136jf-s -mfpu=vfp -fomit-frame-pointer -o main.c -lm

Or should I aim to build for a more general target? would this help target all devices?
Like a DX and up or something?

any good? Thanks!
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Old 07-16-2012, 04:07 PM   #15
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Testing a 64-point FFT.

1:1 mapping; no reorder required.

SNR: 14167370.493333 (71.512893 dB)
Mean energy in: 0.989857 out_test: 0.989554 out_ref: 0.989579
Timing FFT speed... 0.82 us per 64-point FFT, or 155.93 Mbps with QPSK,
or 2.84 insns per point on a 220MHz SA-1100.

Happy days... now to x-compile
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