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Old 05-03-2012, 11:28 AM   #46
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Всё гениальное просто.
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Apple? Neither of the "Steves" were bald -- looks like Stallman...
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Old 05-03-2012, 03:01 PM   #47
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Originally Posted by geekmaster View Post
Apple? Neither of the "Steves" were bald -- looks like Stallman...
But your posted question wasn't about Stallman now was it?
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Old 05-05-2012, 11:45 PM   #48
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Originally Posted by knc1 View Post
Your correct.
The ioctl() commands, once released, are supposed to be engraved in stone.

The addition of a new (or changed) one is supposed to overlap the continued existance of the one being replaced.

So the maintainer of the e-ink driver screwed the pooch on letting that change(s) in.
Yes, that pooch is getting a sore behind from the 5.1.0 update -- that is for sure!

They inserted new fields into the middle of a critical structure used by the eink udpate ioctl, moving other critical fields, and they did not even bother to rename this new stucture layout to maintain compatibility between 5.1.x and 5.0.x firmware. That means you need different program versions that use different structure layouts to do eink updates, depending on whether you booted form the main or from the diags partitions, after you install the 5.1.0 firmware update.

I tried copying the old field values from their new location into the new fields in their old location, and of course that breaks eink updates on the new firmware. The iotcl codes are modified by the structure length, so those different structures cause different codes to be used. Grr...

That pooch won't be sitting down for quite awhile.


Last edited by geekmaster; 05-06-2012 at 02:57 AM.
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Old 05-06-2012, 02:54 AM   #49
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My eink ioctl() updates now work for 5.1.0 firmware, which uses a critical internal structure that changed layout but kept the same name, and broke compatibility with 5.0.x firmware. Worse, the eink header file changed and it is now incompatible with 5.0.x firmware. I removed the header files from gmplay-1.5, and that gmlib code will be used in future versions of all of my eink C code.
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Old 05-10-2012, 02:43 AM   #50
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Here's a little demo using the code from the first post. I'm not sure if it's the right place for it, but the demo is too small to deserve it's own thread.
You really must see this running, the screens don't do justice.
Spoiler:

Code:
//====================================================
// colorOverflow 1.0 - a kindle demo 
// Copyright (C) 2012 by geekmaster, with MIT license:
// Copyright (C) 2012 by kiri, with MIT license:
// http://www.opensource.org/licenses/mit-license.php
//----------------------------------------------------
// This was tested on K3.
//----------------------------------------------------

#include <stdio.h>      // printf
#include <stdlib.h>    // malloc, free, atoi
#include <string.h>   // memset, memcpy
#include <unistd.h>  // usleep
#include <fcntl.h>  // open, close, write
#include <time.h>  // time
#include <math.h> // sin, cos
#include <sys/ioctl.h>   // ioctl
#include <sys/time.h>   // gettime
#include <sys/mman.h>  // mmap, munmap
typedef unsigned char u8;
unsigned int __invalid_size_argument_for_IOC;
#include <linux/fb.h> // screeninfo
#include <linux/einkfb.h>
#include <linux/mxcfb.h>

#define WIDTH 600
#define HEIGHT 800
#define NUM 8
#define RAD 111

typedef struct {
    float posx, posy, velx, vely;
} blob;

enum GMLIB_op { GMLIB_INIT,GMLIB_CLOSE,GMLIB_UPDATE };

// function prototypes
int gmlib(int);
inline void setpx(int,int,int);
inline int getpx(int,int);
void dblit(void);
int getmsec(void);
void updateBlob(blob *);

// gmlib global vars
static __u8 dt[64]= {
    3,129,34,160,10,136,42,168,192,66,223,97,200,73,231,105,50,
    176,18,144,58,184,26,152,239,113,207,81,247,121,215,89,14,
    140,46,180,7,133,38,164,203,77,235,109,196,70,227,101,62,188,
    30,156,54,180,22,148,251,125,219,93,243,117,211,85
}; // 0-255 dither table
__u8 *psave=NULL;     // screensave pointer
__u8 *fb0=NULL;      // framebuffer pointer
__u8 *wb0=NULL;     // workbuffer pointer
__u32 mpu=100;     // msec/update
int fdFB=0;       // fb0 file descriptor
int fdWB=0;      // wb0 file descriptor
__u32 fs=0;     // fb0 stride
__u32 fb=0;    // fb0 bytes
__u32 MX=0;   // xres (visible)
__u32 MY=0;  // yres (visible)
__u8 ppb=0; // pixels per byte
int bs=340; // border size
__u8 gs=0; // 8-bit grayscale
__u32 teu=0; // eink update time
__u32 tpu=0; // physics update time

void colorOverflow(void) {
    //system("eips -c"); //clear screen
    srand ( time(NULL) );

    int i, j, n, x, y;
    blob blobs[NUM];

    for (i=0; i<NUM; i++) {
        //populate the array
        blob b = {rand()%WIDTH, rand()%HEIGHT, 10+rand()%10, 10+rand()%10};
        blobs[i] = b;
    }
    printf("blobs populated\n");

    //clear 
    for (i=0;i<WIDTH;i++)
    	for (j=0;j<HEIGHT;j++)
    		setpx(i,j,0);

    int radsq = RAD*RAD, dx, dy, dist;

    for (;;) {
        for (n=0; n<NUM; n++) {
            //draw the blobs
            updateBlob(&blobs[n]);
            x = blobs[n].posx;
            y = blobs[n].posy;

            for (j = y-RAD; j <= y; j++) {
                for (i = x-RAD; i <= x; i++) {
                    dx=x-i;
                    dy=y-j;
                    dist = (dx*dx+dy*dy);
                    if (dist<=radsq) {
                        float q = (float)dist/radsq;
                        int c = 10*q;
                        setpx(i,j,c+getpx(i,j));
                        setpx(2*x-i,j,c+getpx(2*x-i,j));
                        setpx(i,2*y-j,c+getpx(i,2*y-j));
                        setpx(2*x-i,2*y-j,c+getpx(2*x-i,2*y-j));
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        gmlib(GMLIB_UPDATE);
    }
}

void updateBlob(blob *b) {
    if (b->posx + b->velx >= WIDTH || b->posx + b->velx < 0)
        b->velx *= -1;

    if (b->posy + b->vely >= HEIGHT || b->posy + b->vely < 0)
        b->vely *= -1;

    b->posx += b->velx;
    b->posy += b->vely;
}

//====================================
// gmlib - geekmaster function library
// op (init, update, close)
//------------------------------------
int gmlib(int op) {
    static struct update_area_t ua= {0,0,600,800,fx_invert,NULL};
    static struct mxcfb_update_data ur= {
        {0,0,600,800},WAVEFORM_MODE_AUTO,0,1,TEMP_USE_AMBIENT,0
    };
    static int eupcode;
    static void *eupdata=NULL;
    struct fb_var_screeninfo screeninfo;
    if (GMLIB_INIT==op) {
        teu=getmsec();
        // save original screen
        fdFB=open("/dev/fb0",O_RDWR); // open eink framebuffer fb0
        ioctl(fdFB,FBIOGET_VSCREENINFO,&screeninfo);
        ppb=8/screeninfo.bits_per_pixel;  // pixels per byte
        fs=screeninfo.xres_virtual/ppb;  // fb0 stride
        fb=screeninfo.yres_virtual/ppb; // fb0 bytes
        MX=screeninfo.xres;            // max X+1
        MY=screeninfo.yres;           // max Y+1
        ua.x2=MX;
        ua.y2=MY;
        ur.update_region.width=MX;
        ur.update_region.height=MY;
        fdWB=open("/tmp/wb0",O_RDWR|O_CREAT); // open work framebuffer wb0
        lseek(fdWB,MY*MX-1,SEEK_SET);
        write(fdWB,"",1); // create work buffer file
        fb0=(__u8 *)mmap(0,MY*fs,PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE,MAP_SHARED,fdFB,0); // map fb0
        wb0=(__u8 *)mmap(0,MY*MX,PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE,MAP_SHARED,fdWB,0); // map wb0
        if (fb>MY) {
            eupcode=MXCFB_SEND_UPDATE;
            eupdata=&ur;
            ur.update_mode=0;
        } else {
            eupcode=FBIO_EINK_UPDATE_DISPLAY_AREA;
            eupdata=&ua;
        }
        psave=malloc(fs*MY);
        memcpy(psave,fb0,fs*MY);
        memset(wb0,0,MY*MX);
        gmlib(GMLIB_UPDATE);
        teu+=300;
        memset(wb0,255,MY*MX);
        gmlib(GMLIB_UPDATE);
        teu+=80;
    } else if (GMLIB_UPDATE==op) {
        while (teu>getmsec()); // async update needs time
        dblit();
        ioctl(fdFB,eupcode,eupdata);
    } else if (GMLIB_CLOSE==op) {
        gmlib(GMLIB_UPDATE); //sleep(3); does it really need to sleep?
        memcpy(fb0,psave,fs*MY); // restore display
        free(psave);
        gmlib(GMLIB_UPDATE);   // update display
        munmap(wb0,MY*MX);    // unmap wb0
        close(fdWB);         // close wb0
        remove("/tmp/wb0"); // remove wb0
        munmap(fb0,MY*fs); // unmap fb0
        close(fdFB);      // close fb0
    } else {
        return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}

//========================================
// setpx - draw pixel to 8-bit work buffer
// x,y:screen coordinates, c:color(0-255).
//----------------------------------------
inline void setpx(int x,int y,int c) {
    if (x>=WIDTH || x<0 || y>=HEIGHT || y<0)
        return;
    wb0[y*MX+x]=c;
}

//========================================
// getpx - returns the value of a pixel 
// from the 8-bit work buffer
// x,y:screen coordinates, returns:color(0-255).
//----------------------------------------
inline int getpx(int x,int y) {
	//all offscreen pixels are returned as white
    if (x>=WIDTH || x<0 || y>=HEIGHT || y<0) return 255;
    return wb0[y*MX+x];
}

//==========================
// dblit - dither wb0 to fb0
//--------------------------
void dblit(void) {
    int x,y,ys;
    __u8 p,d,*pi,*po,*pd;
    pi=wb0-1;
    po=fb0-1;
    if (gs) { // 16-color dither
        if (ppb/2) { // 2 px/byte
            for (y=0; y<MY; y++) {
                pd=dt+(y&7)*8+7;
                for (x=0; x<MX; x+=8) {
                    pd-=8;
                    p=*pi++;
                    d=*pd++;
                    *po++=((p&240)+(d-(*pi&15)*255/15>>4&16)-16)&240|
                          ((*pi++&240)+(*pd++-(*pi&15)*255/15>>4&16)-16)/16&15;
                    p=*pi++;
                    d=*pd++;
                    *po++=((p&240)+(d-(*pi&15)*255/15>>4&16)-16)&240|
                          ((*pi++&240)+(*pd++-(*pi&15)*255/15>>4&16)-16)/16&15;
                    p=*pi++;
                    d=*pd++;
                    *po++=((p&240)+(d-(*pi&15)*255/15>>4&16)-16)&240|
                          ((*pi++&240)+(*pd++-(*pi&15)*255/15>>4&16)-16)/16&15;
                    p=*pi++;
                    d=*pd++;
                    *po++=((p&240)+(d-(*pi&15)*255/15>>4&16)-16)&240|
                          ((*pi++&240)+(*pd++-(*pi&15)*255/15>>4&16)-16)/16&15;
                }
            }
        } else { // 1 px/byte
            for (y=0; y<MY; y++) {
                pd=dt+(y&7)*8+7;
                for (x=0; x<MX; x+=8) {
                    pd-=8;
//                *po++=(*pi++&240)+(*pd++-(*pi&15)*255/15>>4&16)-16;
                    *po++=(*pi++&240)+(((*pi&15)*4080>>8)+*pd++>>4&16)-16;
                    *po++=(*pi++&240)+(((*pi&15)*4080>>8)+*pd++>>4&16)-16;
                    *po++=(*pi++&240)+(((*pi&15)*4080>>8)+*pd++>>4&16)-16;
                    *po++=(*pi++&240)+(((*pi&15)*4080>>8)+*pd++>>4&16)-16;
                    *po++=(*pi++&240)+(((*pi&15)*4080>>8)+*pd++>>4&16)-16;
                    *po++=(*pi++&240)+(((*pi&15)*4080>>8)+*pd++>>4&16)-16;
                    *po++=(*pi++&240)+(((*pi&15)*4080>>8)+*pd++>>4&16)-16;
                    *po++=(*pi++&240)+(((*pi&15)*4080>>8)+*pd++>>4&16)-16;
                }
                po+=(fs-MX);
            }
        }
    } else { // 2-color dither
        if (ppb/2) { // 2 px/byte *** broken (high contrast) ***
            for (y=0; y<MY; y++) {
                pd=dt+(y&7)*8+7;
                ys=(y&7)*8;
                for (x=0; x<MX; x+=8) {
                    pd-=8;
                    p=*pi++;
                    d=*pd++;
                    *po++=d-p>>4&240|*pd++-*pi++>>8&15;
                    p=*pi++;
                    d=*pd++;
                    *po++=d-p>>4&240|*pd++-*pi++>>8&15;
                    p=*pi++;
                    d=*pd++;
                    *po++=d-p>>4&240|*pd++-*pi++>>8&15;
                    p=*pi++;
                    d=*pd++;
                    *po++=d-p>>4&240|*pd++-*pi++>>8&15;
                }
            }

        } else { // 1 px/byte
            for (y=0; y<MY; y++) {
                pd=dt+(y&7)*8+7;
                for (x=0; x<MX; x+=8) {
                    pd-=8;
                    *po++=*pd++-*pi++>>8;
                    *po++=*pd++-*pi++>>8;
                    *po++=*pd++-*pi++>>8;
                    *po++=*pd++-*pi++>>8;
                    *po++=*pd++-*pi++>>8;
                    *po++=*pd++-*pi++>>8;
                    *po++=*pd++-*pi++>>8;
                    *po++=*pd++-*pi++>>8;
                }
                po+=(fs-MX);
            }
        }
    }
}

//====================================
// getmsec - get msec since first call
// (tick counter wraps every 12 days)
//------------------------------------
int getmsec(void) {
    int tc;
    static int ts=0;
    struct timeval tv;
    gettimeofday(&tv,NULL);
    tc=tv.tv_usec/1000+1000*(0xFFFFF&tv.tv_sec);
    if (0==tc) {
        ts=tc;
    }
    return tc-ts;
}

//==================
// main - start here
//------------------
int main(void) {
    gmlib(GMLIB_INIT);
    gs=0; // 0 for binary dither, 1 for grayscale dither
    colorOverflow();
    gmlib(GMLIB_CLOSE);

    return 0;
}
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Last edited by kiri87; 05-10-2012 at 02:45 AM.
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Old 05-10-2012, 02:56 AM   #51
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Quote:
Originally Posted by kiri87 View Post
Here's a little demo using the code from the first post. I'm not sure if it's the right place for it, but the demo is too small to deserve it's own thread.
You really must see this running, the screens don't do justice.
[SPOILER]
With this being a "derivative work" from the first post source code, of course this is the right place for it.

It is running on my K5 -- it looks like I spilled liquid on the screen and it leaked into the eink.
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Old 05-10-2012, 07:22 AM   #52
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Quote:
Originally Posted by geekmaster View Post
With this being a "derivative work" from the first post source code, of course this is the right place for it.

It is running on my K5 -- it looks like I spilled liquid on the screen and it leaked into the eink.
Looks like a great enhancement to the "Your Kindle needs repair" message.

Maybe splice in a "fade to white, top-to-bottom" so it ends with the e-ink running out the bottom of the screen.
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Old 06-13-2012, 03:57 PM   #53
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3D - An Interactive animated projection of an object on a 2D screen

As suggested by geekmaster I ported my demo to C, using gmlib 1.5a and newtrix 2.0 routines (and compiled with tccmake). I have been away the forum for a while and didn't read if there were more currrent updates from geekmaster.

It -- of course -- runs much faster now : while pressing the keyboard keys you can interact with the plotting in real time.

The 3D.c code is much more readable than the previous contrieved 3D.sh code. C being a "natural" for the job, I found the port less interesting but for the object structure which I kept identical forcing me into array indexing, type casting and rounding fun.

Happy to share it:
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Last edited by PoP; 06-13-2012 at 04:03 PM.
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Old 06-13-2012, 04:44 PM   #54
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Quote:
Originally Posted by PoP View Post
As suggested by geekmaster I ported my demo to C, using gmlib 1.5a and newtrix 2.0 routines (and compiled with tccmake). I have been away the forum for a while and didn't read if there were more currrent updates from geekmaster.

It -- of course -- runs much faster now : while pressing the keyboard keys you can interact with the plotting in real time.

The 3D.c code is much more readable than the previous contrieved 3D.sh code. C being a "natural" for the job, I found the port less interesting but for the object structure which I kept identical forcing me into array indexing, type casting and rounding fun.

Happy to share it:
The latest dithering code is in the raw2gmv and gmplay video player programs... It supports both 5.0.x and 5.1.x firmware...

I have a newer version that does parallel processing (it dithers 32-bit words, with no lookup table). I need to finish that and publish it in some demo framework... Too many things to do.

But even the OLD versions are a bit faster than a script plotting pixels with "dd".

EDIT: Newtrix contains 256-color to 16-color dithering code too, so that is a good place to start for general usage as you have here. Now if you get bored, you can add texture mapping and multiple light sources too.

Last edited by geekmaster; 10-13-2012 at 01:04 PM.
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Old 09-27-2012, 03:23 PM   #55
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Would like to think we could weld this into SDL or (something) in the RSN.

by We I mean me, with help. Cheers
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Old 10-13-2012, 11:59 AM   #56
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Okay.... small question.
needs a
[root@kindle root]# while :; do eips ''; usleep 80000; done;

to do screen updates on my 5... is that expected behaviour?
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Old 10-13-2012, 01:09 PM   #57
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Okay.... small question.
needs a
[root@kindle root]# while :; do eips ''; usleep 80000; done;

to do screen updates on my 5... is that expected behaviour?
No. What is your firmware version? You reported a larger framebuffer too (four pages instead of my two pages). Perhaps your particular 5.x firmware now has a third incompatible ioctl structure. Hmm... With a minor change you can force the eips fallback in GMLIB. You can try that.

I wonder if their are incompatible ioctl differences between US and UK kindles?

I will take a look at it soon to get the newest most compatible GMLIB that should be easy to use in new programs.

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Old 10-13-2012, 01:47 PM   #58
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okay mate. Yeah. given then weird DIAGs action and now this I think there HAS to be something going on. Cheers

EDIT: THIS is an "INTERNATIONAL" kindle AFAIK.

Probably not that many kicking about. (I could be wrong)
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Old 10-13-2012, 02:46 PM   #59
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No. What is your firmware version? You reported a larger framebuffer too (four pages instead of my two pages). Perhaps your particular 5.x firmware now has a third incompatible ioctl structure. Hmm... With a minor change you can force the eips fallback in GMLIB. You can try that.

I wonder if their are incompatible ioctl differences between US and UK kindles?

I will take a look at it soon to get the newest most compatible GMLIB that should be easy to use in new programs.
I think his B011 image has some prototype 5.2 stuff in it.

He definitely has the "disappearing diags sshd" problem.

His version info is:
Code:
System Software Version: 004-juno_2_0_1_yoshi-167953
Tue Jul 17 17:00:45 PDT 2012
Kindle 5.1.2 (~~otaVersion~~)
I am still "reading code" but don't let that put off anyone else, extra eyes into this lab126 scripting always helps.
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Old 10-13-2012, 03:23 PM   #60
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Newtrix doesn't work on my 5.2.0 Paperwhite, but gmplay does. So if the international k5 is "almost" 5.2.0, perhaps newtrix fails on it and gmplay works too. We are close. I just need to backport the gmplay GMLIB to newtrix.

I wish they would stop fscking with the eink ioctl stuff with minor firmware updates.

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