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Old 02-19-2011, 01:17 AM   #1
moonmyst532
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my epub won't validate, please help?

I'm converting a txt to epub for LULU. I get this when I try to validate the finished file. Could someone tell me what it means and how to fix it?
thanks

Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub is not valid or contains warnings!

ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/content.opf(7): attribute "file-as" from namespace "http://www.idpf.org/2007/opf" not allowed at this point; ignored
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_000.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_001.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_002.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_003.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_004.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_005.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_006.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_007.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_008.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_009.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_010.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_011.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_012.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_013.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_014.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_015.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_016.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_017.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_018.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_019.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_020.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_021.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_022.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_023.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_024.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_025.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_026.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_027.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_028.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_029.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_030.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_031.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_032.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_033.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_034.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_035.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_036.html(5): unfinished element
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/titlepage.xhtml(14): bad value for attribute "preserveAspectRatio"
Check finished with warnings or errors!
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Old 02-19-2011, 04:46 AM   #2
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Please use FlightCrew for better messages. The unfinished element are probably tags which are not closed or tags without closing slash.
Tags which do not have a end-tag, like <br>, <hr> and alike must be internally closed. So, <br> must be <br /> and so on.
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Old 02-19-2011, 06:09 AM   #3
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Also, you must close the <head>, <body> and <html> tags, and the preserveAspectRatio values are case-sensitive.
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Old 02-19-2011, 06:22 AM   #4
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Definitely second Toxaris' recommendation to use FlightCrew to validate your EPUB - it produces much clearer, easier to understand messages. However, just a brief pointer to what these error messages are saying - they are referring to specific files inside the EPUB file:

Quote:
Originally Posted by moonmyst532 View Post
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/content.opf(7): attribute "file-as" from namespace "http://www.idpf.org/2007/opf" not allowed at this point; ignored
On line 7 of the content.opf file, there's an element with the attribute "file-as", but that attribute isn't valid according to the OPF specification referenced at http://www.idpf.org/2007/opf

Quote:
Originally Posted by moonmyst532 View Post
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/index_split_000.html(5): unfinished element
On line 5 of the file index_split_000.html there's an HTML element which isn't closed properly. Being so early in the file, there's a good likelihood it's one of the elements in the HEAD section, so probably one of those that needs a closing slash / before the closing angle bracket >. A similar issue is flagged up on line 5 of all the other HTML files inside the EPUB file.

Quote:
Originally Posted by moonmyst532 View Post
ERROR: Flow Blue 013111 - Unknown.epub/titlepage.xhtml(14): bad value for attribute "preserveAspectRatio"
On line 14 of the file titlepage.xhtml, there's an element which contains the attribute "preserveAspectRatio", but the value given for that attribute is not a recognised or valid value. This attribute usually appears in an SVG element wrapped around an image. The most likely value that is wanted here is:
preserveAspectRatio="xMidYMin meet"
and as Jellby points out, is case sensitive. See http://www.w3.org/TR/SVG/coords.html...RatioAttribute for more details about this attribute and allowed values.
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Old 02-19-2011, 02:50 PM   #5
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re: validation

thanks so much. I'm off to Sigil. btw. I'm 61 and really appreciate your help.
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Old 02-19-2011, 05:32 PM   #6
moonmyst532
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thank you, all

my ebook "Flow Blue" is now being catalogued for www.Lulu.com. I don't know what I would have done without you.



gail
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Old 02-19-2011, 06:17 PM   #7
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Excellent!
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