Originally Posted by Arapito
The US doesn't appear to have an equivalent; according to Wikipedia 15 countries do, mostly European but also including New Zealand, Australia and Canada.
But the models vary. In Denmark the creators of works (authors, translators, photographers, artists, composers) don't get paid based on number of loans, but number of works(*), and the payment is a kind of government grant or support. It's not
a reimbursement for possibly lost sales.
(*) Mostly, but also other things.