It definitely worked, using Aldiko for it. Calibre converted the roughly dozen MOBI I had into EPUB without issue, and the title syntax I have is:
Series Name # - Title of book
With Aldiko I've also created a Collection for each series so they can be browsed individually (and in order) or view the entire book collection in list or shelf format. So I've got about 6 series in total, between 2 to 35 books in each one.
Only thing I need to do new is fix up some of the book covers, they either don't display or they're tiny little fractions of the entire cover space, while the majority appear in full size so I'm not sure what happened there.