(22 February 1788 – 21 September 1860) was a German philosopher best known for his book, The World as Will and Representation; in it, he claimed that our world is driven by a continually dissatisfied will, continually seeking satisfaction. Influenced by Eastern thought, he maintained that the "truth was recognized by the sages of India"; consequently, his solutions to suffering were similar to those of Vedantic and Buddhist thinkers; his faith in "transcendental ideality" led him to accept atheism and learn from Christian philosophy.
At age 25, he published his doctoral dissertation, On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason, which examined the four distinct aspects of experience in the phenomenal world; consequently, he has been influential in the history of phenomenology. He has influenced a long list of thinkers, including Friedrich Nietzsche, Richard Wagner, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Erwin Schrödinger, Albert Einstein, Sigmund Freud, Otto Rank, Carl Jung, Joseph Campbell, Leo Tolstoy, Thomas Mann, and Jorge Luis Borges.
This edition of the essays is based on the translation of Mrs. Rudolf Dircks.
- ON AUTHORSHIP AND STYLE
- ON NOISE
- ON EDUCATION
- ON READING AND BOOKS
- THE EMPTINESS OF EXISTENCE
- ON WOMEN
- THINKING FOR ONESELF
- SHORT DIALOGUE ON THE INDESTRUCTIBILITY OF OUR TRUE BEING BY DEATH
- RELIGION--A DIALOGUE
- PSYCHOLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS
- METAPHYSICS OF LOVE
- ON SUICIDE
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