Originally Posted by HarryT
Why does one receive a "tax refund"? The way that the British tax system works is that, unless you run your own business, or something like that, income tax is simply deducated automatically from your salary by your employer, so you automatically pay the right amount of tax.
So you cannot do any deductions for things like travelling to work. And is the tax scale linear so if you get sick you should not pay less tax? In Sweden even if you do not have any deductions the tables or formulas used by the employer is not so exact (maybe depending on missing input data) so it is common to get a small amount back .