Originally Posted by issybird
OK, trying to get back on track here. It occurs to me that Aziz also has a "passage to India" when he chooses to leave British India to live in a native state, and in the process abandons science for more traditional medicine, which might be more in tune with his personality. The irony is that as a Muslim, he is also an outsider in a native state, while in Chandrapore he lived among a community of his co-religionists. Moreover, with hindsight (vouchsafed to Forster when he wrote the novel), we know he most likely has another passage ahead of him in roughly 25 years--a passage to Pakistan, at the time of partition.
Interesting point. Especially given Aziz's own prejudice against Hindu Indians. That and through out the novel Aziz's idea for independence is not just the departure of the British but the restoration of the Mughal Empire. It is not just the British rule that Aziz feels must be removed in order to restore his India, but the Mughal/Islamic domination must be restored.